eDiscovery AI Blog

From Search to Success: The Art of Prompt Engineering

Staff Writer

From Search to Success: The Art of Prompt Engineering

In the fast-paced world of legal tech, “prompt engineering” is a term you’re bound to hear more frequently. It may sound like a concept requiring advanced degrees, but you’ve probably been practicing it all along without knowing it. 

Imagine this: you’re at your desk, deep into case preparation, and you type a search query into your engine. Instead of the precise results you need, you get a mixed bag of relevant and irrelevant hits. Frustrated, you refine your search terms, making them more specific and on point. Congratulations, you’ve just engaged in prompt engineering. 

In our realm, where precision and clarity are paramount, crafting effective prompts can make all the difference. Whether you’re fine-tuning search terms for legal research or guiding AI to sift through mountains of documents, the principles remain the same. 

Take a moment to reflect on your experiences. Have you ever typed a name into a search engine, only to be bombarded with results about different people sharing that name? Or worded a query poorly, receiving results that matched your exact words but missed your intent? Your instinctive solution was to revise your search – that’s prompt engineering in action. 

In legal contexts, asking clear, unambiguous questions is essential. If you’ve ever developed or tested search terms, this will resonate with you. You know the drill: crafting lists of synonyms, setting proximity limiters, using “ands” and “ors” judiciously, and excluding terms to filter out false positives. It’s a meticulous process that ensures the accuracy and reliability of your search results. 

Let’s break it down further: 


  1. Provide Clear Perspective:

Context is key. Imagine viewing a case through different lenses: a high-level attorney, a staff attorney, or a document reviewer. Each perspective offers a unique angle, impacting the AI’s results. Specify the viewpoint to align the AI’s output with your needs. 


  1. Use Focused and Unambiguous Language:

 Be clear and precise. Avoid ambiguous terms and jargon. Specify the format of the desired output. For instance, instead of asking, “What are the greatest movies of all time?” you might ask, “Provide a list of The American Film Institute’s Top 20 Films of all time, including the name, director, and year of release.” 


  1. Break Down Complex Prompts:

 Keep your prompts concise. If you have multiple queries, separate them to avoid confusion. Just like a well-structured argument, clear prompts lead to clear results. 


  1. Start Broad and Refine:

 Begin with a wide net to get a sense of your dataset, then narrow down. This helps identify and eliminate false positives, refining your prompts for greater accuracy. 


  1. Set Constraints:

 Define the scope of your response. For instance, specify word limits or summary lengths. This ensures the AI delivers results that fit your needs. 


  1. Validate Results:

 Don’t take AI outputs at face value. Validate and refine your prompts to ensure accuracy. This not only boosts your recall rate but also strengthens the defensibility of your process. 


Think back to any time you’ve tweaked your search terms to get better results – that’s the essence of prompt engineering. In our field, where the stakes are high and the details matter, mastering this skill can transform your workflow. 


So, the next time you interact with AI, remember you’re not just a user. You’re an engineer, shaping the responses to fit your precise needs. Embrace this role, and let the power of AI elevate your practice to new heights. 


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